dog playing in the snow

Is A Mixed Breed Dog The Right Dog For You?

Did you know that more than half of all dogs in the United States are mixed breed dogs? Yes, there are 38 million mutts making their owners happy throughout the nation – and many people believe they actually make better pets than purebred dogs.

You may or may not agree with this (purebreds are great, too!) – so let’s take a look at the arguments FOR mixed breed dogs. First, let’s talk about what is a dog breed.

dog breeds

What Is A Dog Breed?

Ever since the first prehistoric people befriended wolves and domesticated them, humans have been breeding dogs purposely to perform various tasks. Some were bred for hunting, others for herding, guarding, racing, bearing burdens and even for sitting in ladies’ laps.

So with all this breeding of dogs into specific types, what makes a dog “purebred”? According to the American Kennel Club, “The simplest way to define a breed is to say it always ‘breeds true.’” By this the AKC means that when you breed a beagle with a beagle, the resulting puppies will always look like their beagle parents.

Did you know that there are more than 340 dog breeds, of which 193 are recognized by the AKC? Each breed has ideal physical traits and temperaments. Purebred dogs have registration papers that show that both parents were registered and of the same breed. When you buy a purebred dog, you have an idea of what its qualities and personality will be like.

What Is A Mixed Breed Dog?

mixed breed dog

A mixed breed dog – aka a “mutt” or (less lovingly) a “mongrel” – is a dog that has more than one recognized breed in his/her gene pool and is often not the result of intentional breeding. Most mixed breed dogs have ancestry that, at least at some point, has more to do with natural selection than human intervention – accidental mating, in other words.

Because of this mixed heritage, these types of dogs all look different, with a huge variety of sizes, coat types, shapes, and colors. One mutt may have characteristics that look more like, say, a shepherd than any other breed, but because of the other breeds in the mix, the dog may not act like a shepherd.

What Is A Designer Dog?

The difference between a mixed breed dog and a designer dog is that the designer dog (also sometimes referred to as a “hybrid” dog) has more than one recognized breed, but the breeding is deliberate. This intentional breeding is done to combine existing breeds and form new ones.

schnoodle dog

Schnoodle

One example of a designer dog is the Goldendoodle, which was created to blend the Golden retriever’s wonderful temperament with a poodle’s low-shedding qualities. Designer breeds tend to have cute names like “Schnoodle” (poodle/miniature schnauzer), “Puggle” (pug/beagle) or “Chorkie” (chihuaha/Yorkshire terrier).

Breeders who specialize in these hybrid dogs are interested in establishing their particular variety as true breeds. To do this, they need to create a predictable type, where one individual dog of a “breed” has similar physical and personality traits as another individual dog.

One unfortunate outcome of the designer dog craze is that puppy mills have taken advantage of the popularity of these dogs to sell them at exorbitantly high prices. These dogs are marketed by both puppy mills and breeders as healthy, cute, intelligent, trainable – or whatever the particular traits might be that will appeal to buyers. These claims may or may not be true. Moreover puppy mills are notorious for in-breeding (for example, mating a mother dog with her son). This can, in many cases, create disastrous consequences that the new “owner” has to contend with in terms of poor physical attributes, greater propensity toward seizures and much more.

Why Should I Get A Mixed Breed Dog?

You may be saving a life! The ASPCA reports that around 75% of all dogs in shelters are mutts. That’s the most frequent place that people find their mixed breed dogs (other places include friends, neighbors and relatives). If you don’t rescue that mixed breed fella, there’s a good chance he may be euthanized, so it’s good to know that approximately 1.6 million dogs are adopted each year.

Mutts tend to be healthier than purebreds. It hasn’t been proven, but the theory is that more gene diversity in mixed breed dogs makes it less likely that they’ll develop hereditary diseases and disorders. What has been proven is that purebred dogs are more likely to develop different genetic disorders. For instance, one common disorder, hip dysplasia, affects German shepherds, Rottweilers, bulldogs, Great Danes, Saint Bernards, Neapolitan mastiffs and Retrievers. And urinary bladder infections tend to plague Dalmations, Newfoundlands, the Bichon Frise and miniature Schnauzers.

mixed breed dogs

Many shelter dogs have built-in advantages. If you get your mixed breed dog at a shelter, it’s highly likely to already be house-trained (since she belonged to someone else before ending up at the shelter). Alternatively, because the shelter dog is generally not a puppy, house-training is easier because the dog is more mature and so does not need to go to “the bathroom” many times in one day Also, most dogs at shelters are past the exhaustive puppy stage (which may or may not be an advantage in your eyes, depending on how much you like dealing with puppy training). Furthermore, It’s much less expensive to get a dog from the shelter, rather than a breeder. And a dog from a shelter is likely spayed or neutered (or, it’s included in the adoption fee) and up-to-date on all her vaccinations – another cost saving.

Mixed breed dogs may be more intelligent. Studies have shown that, compared to purebreds, mixed breed dogs perform better on intelligence and problem-solving tests. This may in part be due to the lack of the genetic factor of in-breeding – but more likely, it depends on the breeds that are part of the “mix.” According to Stanley Coren, author of “The Intelligence of Dogs,” the Top 7 smartest dog breeds are border collies, poodles, German shepherds, golden retrievers, Doberman pinschers, and Labrador retrievers. If your dog’s genetics include genes from any of these highly intelligent breeds, he’s likely to be one smart pooch.

And, the expression, “You can’t teach an old dog new tricks” simply does NOT hold true. The author has adopted many dogs ranging from 2 to 6 and all that is required to end up with a nicely trained dog, at any age, is regular, consistent training. And this training is not just when the dog trainer, if you use one, is on site but, just as with a two year old child, it’s attention and discipline, applied to every interaction between you and your dog.

What Is Your Dog’s Mix?

dog dna testMost people are content to take a good guess at the various breeds that make up their dog’s genetics, or to forget about it altogether and just love the dog for who he is. But some people would like to know what breeds comprise the “mix.”

The good news is that, just like with human ancestry DNA tests, you can get a pretty good idea of where your dog comes from through dog DNA tests that only require a sample of your dog’s saliva. The test will give you information on the potential breeds that make him who he is.

It may be fun to know what breeds contributed to your mutt’s unique personality – but in the end, it doesn’t matter. What matters is that your dog is your best friend who is happy to see you when you come home and always there for you in every situation of your life. And this is true whether you have a mutt or a purebred!

How Banixx Helps Dogs

Banixx is both effective and extremely safe – it can be used without worry on wounds or fungus infections around the eyes, nose, mouth, and ears, and has proven to be particularly effective at eliminating dog ear infections, dog hot spots, and dog or cat ringworm. Use it with confidence to successfully treat wounds, fungus, horse scratches, rain rot, ringworm, abscesses, thrush, white line disease, bacterial infections, fungal infections, fly bites or just some itchy skin on your animals. 

Find a store near you that carries Banixx.

Banixx is the trusted solution for cuts and wounds on dogs

dog itchy skin

Diagnosing and Treating Dog Skin Allergies

If your dog is scratching, biting and licking various parts of his body incessantly, he may have a skin allergy. Skin allergies, also known as allergic dermatitis, are the most common type of allergic reactions in dogs.

Symptoms of a Dog Skin Allergies

  • Itchiness
  • Hair loss
  • Swelling in the face, earflaps or paws
  • Red, inflamed skin
  • Hives and rashes
  • Chronic ear infections

In addition, skin allergies can lead to another series of infections generally called secondary infections. These secondary infections occur because the allergy causes intense itchiness of the skin. This unbelievable discomfort forces your dog to scratch, lick and bite at the site, which in turn can develop into a yeast or bacterial infection, with potentially serious consequences.

Possible Causes of Dog Skin Allergies

In order to treat a skin allergy, you must first determine the cause. Some of the main causes of skin allergies in dogs include:

Sensitivity to Certain Foods

dog allergies of the skinFood allergies are common in dogs because some dog foods contain too much corn, soy or other fillers. This allergy can cause itchy skin in your dog, usually around their ears and paws, and may also cause gastrointestinal symptoms. Many people contact us to find a cure for itchy paws that smell like Frito chips. This is the result of a yeast infection that shows up as an intense, unbearable itchiness in your dogs paws. It also comes along with an offensive odor and utter misery to your dog as she chews and bites endlessly at her paws to try and get relief. 

To diagnose a food allergy, vets usually recommend using an elimination diet. This means feeding your dog just one source of protein and carbohydrate for three months and seeing the reaction, then gradually re-introducing other foods. One way of tackling this situation is, when you visit your local dog food store, ask the staff about high protein dog foods. You will find educated, caring staff at these stores who can help you with these choices. For example, Taste of the Wild makes a Wetlands Grain-Free Kibble that has received many accolades and is easy to find in any dog food store.

Parasites

dog ear mites and fleasSome dogs are allergic to flea saliva and get extremely itchy, especially at the base of the tail. You may or may not be able to see the fleas or notice flea dirt – but you’ll definitely notice the licking, scratching, scabs and hot spots caused by fleas. Ticks, like fleas, can also be the cause of allergic reactions. Mites, those difficult-to-see parasites that burrow into your dog’s skin, can cause mange and other skin disorders. 

It’s easy to get busy with life and miss a flea treatment for your dog or be late with her treatment. A lapse in prevention is all it can take at particular times of the year –next thing you know, your beloved pooch has picked up a flea or vice versa. Some treatments require a flea to bite in order to die, and those bites can be problematic for your dog if he is allergic to flea saliva. Other parasites may include ticks or intestinal worms. Your vet can help you with anti-tick treatments or a simple de-wormer to rid your dog of worms.

It’s a good idea for any dog that spends time outside to receive a de-worming treatment. Frequency depends on your dog’s lifestyle; for example, the following conditions call for more frequent de-worming: Is he outside a lot? Does he mingle with other dogs? Do you live in a warm climate? (Warmer climates are kinder to worms and hence less kind to your dog.) But don’t take de-wormers lightly; they are a strong medication so take care with how often you administer it to your dog. The best advice on de-worming for your dog is to work out a system with your vet’s input and advice.

Environmental Allergens

Hot Spots From Itchy SkinIt’s possible your dog may be allergic to dust, pollen, mold or even grass. Other environmental possibilities include grooming products, carpet or floor cleaning products, and lawn treatments. If her itching flares up during a particular season, the cause may be easier to find. Environmental allergens can be difficult to track down and require patience.

Don’t forget that, if your dog has a skin allergy, it’s quite likely all the scratching, biting and chewing may end up breaking the skin and causing a full-scale skin infection, which will also need to be treated.

How to Treat Dog Skin Allergies

Step 1: Handle Severe Allergic Reactions ASAP

If your dog has an acute allergic reaction, take her immediately to the vet or emergency pet hospital. Just like people, dogs can go into anaphylactic shock if they have a severe reaction – but luckily, these reactions are not that common.

Step 2: Avoid Exposure

The best way to help your dog with skin allergies is to avoid exposing them to the allergens as much as possible. Ensure your dog doesn’t get fleas if he’s allergic to their saliva, for instance. Change his diet to one that doesn’t contain the ingredients that cause allergic flare-ups. Try another shampoo if you think your dog may be allergic to its ingredients. Keep him inside on hot days if he gets heat rashes (which are basically an allergy to heat).

Step 3: Visit Your Veterinarian

veterinarian care for dog ear infectionsIf you notice your dog scratching excessively, or see a change in your dog’s skin such as rashes, scaling, redness or bald patches, take the problem to your veterinarian to get her/his diagnosis. You may think you know what is causing the allergy, but sometimes the typical symptoms may actually be signs of other conditions, such as mange, ringworm, impetigo or sebhorrea. Your vet will be able to make a proper analysis.

Step 4: Use the Banixx Home Remedy

Banixx Anti-Fungal Anti-Bacterial SprayNo matter what the cause of your dog’s skin allergy, vets generally recommend supplementing any treatment with a topical, pet-friendly, quality product such as Banixx Pet Care to alleviate the itching, swelling, irritation and even the wounds caused by your dog’s constant scratching. Banixx offers immediate relief to your dog’s itchy skin. It doesn’t sting on application, nor does it smell. It’s also an excellent anti-fungal and anti-bacterial solution that creates an environment in which it is next to impossible for an infection to develop. And it’s gentle, natural ingredients are not likely to cause additional allergic skin reactions.

How To Use Banixx For Skin Infections

It’s a great home remedy that can be used at home: Simply apply Banixx 2-3 times a day to your dog’s skin infection, being sure to saturate your dog’s skin. Massage it gently into your dog’s skin for complete saturation. The solution works on contact.

If your dog licks it off after you apply it, it will not harm your dog – but it will remove the solution and slow the healing process. Try distracting your dog so he doesn’t lick it off and Banixx has a chance to work.

For more information on dog skin and yeast infections, visit: https://banixx.com/dog-skin-yeast-infection-how-to-treat/

Banixx is the trusted solution for cuts and wounds on dogs

dog eyes

How To Clean Dog Eyes: Boogers, Crust and Stains

Good grooming involves more than taking your dog to get his hair washed, trimmed and toenails clipped a few times a year. One area that many dog owners easily forget is the eyes – those beautiful, expressive windows into your dog’s soul. While vision isn’t your dog’s most awesome sense (smell and hearing top vision by a mile), it’s still important to ensure your dog’s eyes stay healthy. Cleaning can prevent bacterial eye infections, ulcers or sties from developing, so make it a point to pay attention to this little chore.

How To Properly Clean Your Dog’s Eyes:

Crusty Dog EyesClean your dog’s eyes every time you give her bath. Clean them more often if there’s a discharge coming from the eyes, if you notice dirt or debris near the eyes, or if they seem to be itchy.

To clean your dog’s eyes, moisten sterile gauze with a sterile saline solution. (Note: Some preparations recommend use of cotton balls for this purpose, but we are not fans of cotton balls, since they can shred, leaving tiny filaments of cotton attached to your dog’s eyelashes that can lead to further problems). Use a good saline solution recommended by your vet, or purchase a pet eye wash. Make sure your own hands are clean when you begin cleaning.

Wipe each eye gently with moistened sterile gauze or eye wipe. Start on the inner corner of the eye and move outward toward the other side of the eye, using soft strokes. Wipe away discharge, making sure not to rub the gauze directly over the eye-ball. Use a separate gauze for the other eye.

If your dog has a lot of hair around his eyes, either comb it so the eyes are not obstructed, or trim it slightly to prevent irritation. ONLY use blunt-tipped scissors (that you can buy at your pet supply store), and wipe away the cut hair with a damp washcloth to prevent it from finding its way into the eyes.

What to Look Out for When Cleaning Your Dog’s Eyes

How to clean a dogs eyesDogs’ eyes are sensitive and need a bit of extra care. Healthy eyes are clear, moist-looking and shiny, and the white of the eye is white, not yellow or red. Dogs can have normal discharge, often called “eye boogers.” It’s important to distinguish between these and other things that can affect the eyes, so be sure to check for the following:

  • Is your dog blinking excessively or pawing at his eyes? This could indicate an infection or other problem.
  • Is the eye red or swollen? Do your dog’s eyes look different than normal?
  • Do you notice pus or mucus around the eye? This could be from a cold, allergies or pinkeye. Or it could be a blocked tear duct or problem with the oil glands.
  • Is the nictitating membrane (third eyelid) visible? Is the cornea colored? Does your dog act like it’s painful when you touch his eyes?

Any of the scenarios painted above make the case for a precautionary visit to your veterinarian. When it involves irregularities with your dog’s eyes, hesitation is not your friend!

Causes of Dog Eye Stains

poodle with eye stainsIf your dog gets reddish brown stains that run from her eyes down her muzzle, she may have a condition sometimes called “poodle stains” or tear stains. These unsightly stains may occur in any dog, but it’s usually most visible in dogs that are white or have light-colored coats.

Following are some of the possible causes for these tear stains, according to AKC Chief Veterinary Officer Dr. Jerry Klein:

Genetics

Certain breeds of dogs are more susceptible to tear stains, and some individual dogs may be predisposed to getting tear stains. Dogs that have shallow eye sockets and protruding eyes, such as the Pekingese, Maltese, pug and other short-nosed dogs, can suffer from excessive tearing. Poodles and cocker spaniels often are more likely to have blocked tear ducts. And these conditions can lead to chronic tearing that produces stains.

Porphyrin

This is a pigment that is excreted in tears, saliva and urine. The stain comes from some of the iron released from the breakdown of red blood cells that goes into porphyrin. It can leave a reddish-brown stain as it courses down the muzzle.

Problems with Lashes and Tear Ducts

If a dog’s eyelashes fold inward (entropion), it causes more tears than normal. And if a tear duct doesn’t properly drain into the nasal cavity, it gets clogged and may be the cause of tear stains.

Environment

It’s possible that some factors in your dog’s environment, such as high iron content in the water or reaction to plastic food bowls, can be the source of tear stains (sometimes actually being signs of allergic reactions).

Infection

Skin infections around the eyes can cause symptoms that look like tear stains. If your dog is tearing constantly, an infection may develop in the chronically damp area – you’ll get a hint if it smells bad, itches or looks irritated.

If you’re concerned about the cause(s) of your dog’s tear stains, make sure you ask your vet to weigh in – you may be able to remove the source of the irritation and eventually be stain-free.

How To Clean Dog Eyes Stains

Banixx Anti-Fungal Anti-Bacterial SprayGenerally speaking, Banixx Pet Care will do an excellent job at removing these stains. Simply apply Banixx liberally to sterile gauze and wipe these areas gently. Depending on severity, you may need to clean this area with Banixx every day, weekly or once a month – you are the best judge of how often to do this.

Banixx is proven safe to use around the eyes, and your dog will not react negatively, as it has no sting or scent to alarm him. Banixx is also very effective at healing skin infections that might develop as a result of the moist tears; it is very gentle and soothing on tissue but deadly to the yeast, bacteria and fungus that cause these infections.

Banixx is available in most pet stores and available online. Find Banixx Near You.

Conclusion

Whether your dog has an irritating eye condition or is just a normal pup with no major problems, take your dog to a vet for regular eye check-ups, and get into a regular routine for keeping their eyes clean.

banixx pet care products

dog eye discharge in the snow

Dog Eye Discharge: When To Worry About Dog Eye Boogers

Do you sometimes wake up in the morning and have “sleep boogers” in your eyes that you need to rub away? It’s a pretty common thing that happens, and you wipe your eyes and then go your way. Most people believe that “dog eye boogers” are the same innocuous thing – nothing to worry about.

The fact is, dog eye boogers could indeed be innocuous – or they could be a sign of trouble for your dog.

Types of Dog Eye Boogers

Let’s take a look at various ways dogs’ eyes secrete “gunk” that turns into boogers – and see if they’re something that require a visit to the veterinarian:

Normal Eye Discharge

dog eye boogers on a normal dogWhenever a dog sleeps, tears (which continue to moisten the eye even when your pooch is snoozing) may not all drain through the tear ducts at the inner corner of each eye. The dried tears combine with mucus, dead cells, dust and oil to accumulate into what looks like a crust or bit of gunk. This is perfectly normal – and it’s basically the same as the sleep boogers that we humans experience.

Grayish-White Discharge

Sometimes a dog can suffer from dry eye (also called keratoconjunctivitis sicca or KCS), which usually occurs when a dog’s immune system attacks and destroys the glands that produce tears. To make up for the loss of tears, the body tries to lubricate the eyes by making more mucus, which ends up being a discharge that is grayish-white in color. But mucus doesn’t function as well as tears, the eyes become red and painful, and ulcers can develop. An untreated case of dry eye can lead to acute discomfort and pain from his blinking and even an injury requiring surgery and blindness.

Too Many Tears

If your dog’s eyes are constantly watering, it could be anything simple from allergies to a foreign body in the eye. Other more serious conditions could include abnormal eyelashes, blocked tear ducts, scratched corneas or even glaucoma. The excess tears could be your dog’s way of dealing with whatever the issue is with his cornea and the damage it may have sustained. You should always take any cornea and tear duct damage very seriously.

“Poodle Stains”

poodle with eye stainsReddish brown tear stains that discolor the fur from your dog’s eyes down her muzzle are sometimes called “poodle stains” because they’re so often found on white poodles or other light-colored dogs. These stains are caused by this medical condition that is sometimes referred to as dog eye gunk. Most of the time, these tear stains aren’t a major concern, though they don’t look as cosmetically nice as you’d like. However, the moistness of the stained areas can possibly lead to infections.

Green or Yellow Discharge

A dog whose eyes produce yellow or green discharge often has an eye infection. One such infection is conjunctivitis, an inflammation of the lining of your dog’s eye. If it’s conjunctivitis, you’ll also see redness, irritation, squinting, pawing at the eye, etc. Other symptoms may include eyelashes that are stuck together, red or pink eye whites, and general puffiness.

What To Do About Dog Eye Discharge

A small amount of eye boogers is normal. The eyes are clear with a white eyeball, the boogers are white, milky or pale yellow or black in color, and they’re found in the corners or underneath the eyes. You know your dog best and what is “normal” for her in terms of eye discharge. If she doesn’t seem bothered by the discharge, you don’t need to do anything except wipe it away (see below for best techniques).

veterinarian care for dog ear infectionsHowever, if your dog has excessive eye boogers (more than usual) and shows any signs of irritation, such as redness or squinting, rubbing or itching, then it may be a good idea to consult with your vet to discuss his condition.  Moreover, monitor your dog for bloodshot eyes, a bad smell, a discharge over the eyelids that impede movement of the eyes, a visible third eyelid, or cloudiness/change in eye color.

Since there are so many different causes of dog eye discharge, it’s important to get the right treatment for your dog. Your vet will be able to provide a proper diagnosis and treat appropriately. Early veterinary intervention, particularly when it comes to eye health, is not only the best course but, very often, the less expensive way.

How to clean off eye boogers safely

Whether the dog eye boogers are “normal” or need a vet’s care, you’ll need to clean them off your dog’s face and the skin around his eyes.

Banixx Pet Care is an excellent product for this purpose, for these reasons:

  • It is clinically proven safe to use around the eyes, and can be applied without worry about hurting, stinging or having long-term effects on your dog’s eyes.
  • It is also a proven anti-fungal, anti bacterial formula that aids in creating a pH environment that gently wipes out infections.
  • And it can safely be used in conjunction with any other medications prescribed by your veterinarian.

Apply Banixx liberally to a sterile gauze pad and wipe these areas gently. Sterile gauze is better than cotton balls, because it doesn’t shred or leave tiny filaments of cotton attached to your dog’s eyelashes that can lead to further problems.

Depending on the severity of the discharge, you may need to clean this area with Banixx every day, weekly or once a month – you are the best judge of how often to do this.

Banixx is the trusted solution for cuts and wounds on dogs

Dog Breeds Most Affected By Dog Eye Discharge

Labrador Retrievers, German Shepherds, Golden Retrievers, French Bulldogs, Bulldogs, Beagles, Poodles, Rottweilers, German Shorthaired Pointers, Yorkshire Terriers, Boxers, Dachshunds, Pembroke Welsh Corgis, Siberian Huskies, Australian Shepherds, Great Danes, Doberman Pinschers, Cavalier King Charles Spaniels, Miniature Schnauzers , Shih Tzu, Boston Terriers, Bernese Mountain Dogs, Pomeranians, Havanese, Shetland Sheepdogs, Brittanys, English Springer Spaniels, Pugs, Mastiffs, Cocker Spaniels, Vizslas, Cane Corso, Chihuahuas, Miniature American Shepherds, Border Collies, Weimaraners, Maltese, Collies, Basset Hounds, Newfoundlands, Rhodesian Ridgebacks, West Highland White Terriers, Belgian Malinois, Shiba Inu, Chesapeake Bay Retrievers, Bichons Frises, Akitas, St. Bernards, Bloodhounds, Portuguese Water Dogs, Bullmastiffs, English Cocker Spaniels, Soft Coated Wheaten Terriers, Papillons, Australian Cattle Dogs, Dalmatians, Scottish Terriers, Alaskan Malamutes, Samoyeds, Airedale Terriers, Whippets, Bull Terriers, German Wirehaired Pointers, Chinese Shar-Pei, Wirehaired Pointing Griffons, Great Pyrenees, Dogues de Bordeaux, Cardigan Welsh Corgis, Cairn Terriers, Miniature Pinschers, Lhasa Apsos, Old English Sheepdogs, Italian Greyhounds, Greater Swiss Moutain Dogs, Chow Chows, Irish Wolfhounds, Irish Setters, Giant Schnauzers, Chinese Crested, Staffordshire Bull Terriers, Coton de Tulear, Russell Terriers, Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retrievers, Bouviers des Flandres, merican Staffordshire Terriers, Rat Terriers, Basenjis, Border Terriers, Standard Schnauzers, Anatolian Shepherd Dogs, Pekingese, Leonbergers, English Setters, Keeshonden, Welsh Terriers, Toy Fox Terriers, Afghan Hounds, Pointers, Chorkie and Labradoodle.

Dog eye boogers can of course affect other dog breeds, these are just the most commonly affected pups.

types of dog ears

Dog Ear Types

When looking at the world of dogs, one will notice that dog ears are all different shapes, sizes, and types. It is not that surprising when you think about it, considering the world of genetics.  It’s interesting to see how the best attributes of dogs have been used to create various breeds.  This has led to dogs with unique coats, personalities, and of course, ears. While many people are used to seeing erect or pendulous ears, there are many other types of ears in the dog world. Today, we are going to be looking at the wide world of dog ears as well as some of the terms that are used by dog clubs and fanciers to help decipher them. Here are just a few of them, but there are many more! 

Erect Ears 

Erect dog earsAs the name states, these types of ears are upright and point in an upwards direction. 

This is the typical ear position on many wolfish looking dogs such as Siberian Huskies, German Shepherds, Alaskan Malamutes, Belgian Malinois, and Samoyed. 

Smaller dog breeds that also feature upright ears include West Highland Terriers, Yorkshire Terriers, and Norwich Terriers.

Many people have become fond of erect ears as they feel it gives the dog an intelligent yet alert look as well as bringing back the wolf look.

However, not all dog breeds feature naturally rigid ears. In many cases, breeders and owners have resorted to cosmetic surgery, called ear cropping. 

Great Danes, Boxers, and Dobermans that have erect ears were typically not born with those manufactured alert ears.  But, were instead generally born with floppy or semi-stiff ears; however, surgery has used to make them upright.

Drop Ears 

neosporin as a dog wound care productAs this name implies, drop ears are pendulous and hang down. Oddly enough, these types of ears are often most associated with the domestication of dogs. 

Back in 1923, Max V. Stephanitz, a famed German shepherd breeder, said that floppy ears are the sure sign of domesticated dogs (note: since wolves do NOT have floppy ears)

He believed that any dog that has lived in captivity has no need for ears that are going to provide extra security for protection against predators and to aid in the hunt. Eventually, he surmises, the ears lost their muscle and use and subsequently dropped down to the point where they are now. 

His thoughts were indeed proven when wild foxes were brought into captivity and bred for specific qualities and temperaments. Eventually, their erect ears began to flop, and their color began to change to something that would not easily camouflage in the wild.

Many people tend to gravitate towards dogs with drop ears because this gives the dogs a constant puppy-like look. Some typical breeds with drop ears include Golden Retrievers, Labrador Retrievers, and Chesapeake Bay Retrievers.

These specific breeds were built for swimming, and the drop ears help to prevent water from entering the ears. However, this look is not limited to these breeds and is quite common among most mixed breeds.

Bat Ears 

a dog with pointy earsAs we all know, bats have large ears for their size, which is where the name comes from for dogs with erect ears that are too big for their bodies.

The French bulldog is one breed that has bat ears, being wide at the base and much smaller at the top with a rounded edge.

Bat ears are one of the most distinguishing features of the French bulldog, and anything other than bat ears requires disqualification for the breed.

Rose Ears 

Rose dog earsIn essence, this is an erect ear; however, the skin does fold backward, which leads to the end part of the pinna to fall over to the side.

The name for this specific ear type is solely due to the shape of the ear, which resembles the petal of a rose.

The American Kennel Club (AKC) states that whippets must have ears shaped as roses that are small and fine in texture during a dog’s relaxed period.

In these specific breeds, moreover, erect ears are penalized by the AKC. Other breeds that feature rose ears are Italian Greyhounds and Greyhounds that have ears that are fine in texture and thrown back unless they are alert or excited.

Semi-Pricked Ears 

semi pricked ears on a border collieThese can also be found under semi-erect ears. This is for those dogs whose ears are in between erect and floppy. Dogs born with semi pricked ears have ears that are generally erect but tend to fold over at the tip. 

Dogs with these ears include Fox Terriers, Shetland Sheepdogs, and Collies. 

The American Kennel Club states that Border Collies can, in fact, have ears that can be either erect or semi-erect. Moreover, if they are semi-erect, the tips of the ears must fold either outward to the side of the ear or forwards.

Button Ears 

dog with button earsThese ears are literally as cute as a button. At first glance, these ears may look semi-pricked.  But, as opposed to bending at the tip of the ear, the skin fold is generally longer and covers more of the ear.

The name button ears come from the fact that the ear appears to slightly resemble a buttoned fold, as seen in the pocket of shirts. 

This ear type can be found on several breeds of dogs, such as the standard Pug.  The American Kennel Club states that the ears should be soft and look like black velvet. Two types are accepted, including button and rose, with the button being the most acceptable.

Other breeds that sport this type of ear include the Fox Terrier and Jack Parson Terrier. This style of ear was more than likely chosen when breeding since these dogs are used as tunnel hunters, and it helps to protect them.

Butterfly Ears 

Butterfly dog ear type

This ear type is typical with the Papillion breed. The butterfly ear is erect in nature and tends to move like that of the spread wings of a butterfly. However, you will not find every type of Papillion dog with this confirmation.

A typical litter will not show butterfly ears; many will have dropped ears. In this case, those born with dropped ears are known to have ears, which translates to moth-eared in French. While the phalene ear is in full flight,  it often appears as a moth fluttering in the air.

Candle-Flame Ears 

candle flame dog earsThis is a type of ear is only seen in the English Toy Terrier. As the name  implies, the ear looks similar to the flame of a candle. These are generally narrow and long erect ears.

The Kennel Club of the United Club states that this breed features candle flame ears that are erect and situated at the back of the head with pointed tips. 

Filbert Ears 

The Filbert Ear is another ear found only in one breed, and that is found on the Bedlington terrier. 

Filbert dog ears

This ear is triangular in shape and features rounded tips that feel like velvet. The most common trait of these ears is the small silky tassel found on the tip of the ear.

The name of this ear is derived from the word filbert, which generally means a nut in the hazel tree family.

Folded Ears 

folded ears on a dogThis is an extreme version of the drop-ear where the ears are long and have deep folds. These are ears that touch the ground, typically associated with Basset Hounds and Bloodhounds. These ears are generally found on those dogs that have been bred for tracking.

Their ears drag the ground, which helps to stir up scents and molecules, which are essential for tracking and picking up the right scent. These types of dogs were explicitly built for one task, and that is one in which they excel to this very day. In time, however, they have made the transition to being excellent home dogs for companionship and love.

Banixx Pet Care

No matter what type of ear your dog may have, Banixx is perfect for treating dog ear infections, hot spots, cuts, abrasions and more. Learn where you can find Banixx on our Where To Buy Banixx page.

Banixx is the trusted solution for cuts and wounds on dogs

 

dog go without peeing

How Long Can A Dog Go Without Peeing?

One of the most common questions dog owners have is, “How long can a dog go without peeing?” As a dog owner who travels a lot with their pet, it is vital to determine when your dog needs a potty stop to relieve himself. It’s essential to be able to spot some of the signs that indicate potential health issues if your dog seems to pee more or less frequently than usual. This assumes that your dog is on a healthy diet and drinking enough water. So, is your dog’s peeing frequency average or irregular? Read on to find out.

How Often Should a Dog Pee?

Typically, canines pee about three to five times a day or every six to eight hours. Moreover, vets recommend taking your pup out to pee every six to eight hours to keep indoor ‘accidents’ from happening. However, several factors could affect a dog’s peeing habits. Diet, what your dog drinks, size, breed, and age are some of the things that will determine your dog’s peeing frequency.

Puppies tend to pee more often than full-grown dogs. This is because they have smaller urinary bladders, which can only hold small amounts of urine. Conversely, senior or older dogs might also have to pee more often due to age and some health conditions that older dogs may have. Furthermore, factors like the level of hydration, type of breed, and physical activity can also determine how often a dog needs to relieve itself.

Exactly How Long Can A Dog Go Without Peeing?

how long can a dog go without peeing?If you’re unable to let your pup out to pee after every six to eight hours, then you’ll be glad to know that dogs can hold their pee for ten to fifteen hours. However, forcing some dogs to hold their pee may lead to bladder or kidney problems. Well-trained canines can hold their pee for extended periods without accidents, but, while they can, it’s uncomfortable for them and could be detrimental to their health.

What Causes Dogs to Urinate Frequently?

Several things could cause a dog to urinate more frequently. Fear or sudden excitement may cause a dog to urinate suddenly. If this is the case with your dog, consider taking him/her to a vet as this may be a simple health issue or a sign of behavioral problems. Health-related problems that could cause a dog to urinate more frequently include:

  • Kidney failure
  • Polyuria and Pollakiuria
  • Liver disease
  • Lack of steroid hormone production
  • Diabetes
  • Tumors
  • Age
  • Side effects of medication
  • Overproduction of steroid hormones
  • Electrolyte imbalance
  • Behavioral or psychological problems
  • Side effects of some drugs
  • Hormonal disorders

Should I Be Worried If My Dog Pees Less Frequently than Normal?

dog with diarrhea but acting fineYes! If your pup is peeing less frequently than usual, he could simply be dehydrated, or there could be moderate to severe health issues. Once hydrated, if this unusual behavior of infrequent peeing continues, consider scheduling an immediate appointment with your vet. It’s the old adage, “better safe than sorry.” He’s your best friend and relies 100% on you for his health!

How Long Can Dogs Go Without Peeing Summary

So, in summary, even though an adult dog can go for a maximum of 10 to 15 hours without urinating, it’s preferable that you allow them to relieve themselves  every 6 to 8 hours. This applies to most every dog, excluding young pups (who need more bathroom breaks) whether you have a senior dog, a little dog, or a very large dog.

We hope you found this article helpful and if your dog ever gets any cuts, abrasions, ear infections or hot spots, we hope you keep Banixx Pet Care in mind.

Banixx is the trusted solution for cuts and wounds on dogs

two horses drinking water

Do You Know What’s In Your Horse’s Water?

Did you think that only humans should be concerned with the quality of their drinking water? If you answered yes to that question, you may want to reconsider. Not only is good quality water important to humans, it is both the number one nutrient fed to any animal, as well as the most often overlooked nutrient in the nutritional program of ANY species, including horses.

While there are many studies, guidelines, environmental regulations, requirements, and laws surrounding human drinking water, horses and other livestock usually have access to water that contains excessive levels of contaminates such as minerals, bacteria, algae, fertilizer, protozoa, and viruses. All contaminates can be dangerous, but some contaminates, depending on their composition and levels, can be deadly to your horses and other livestock.

horse foragingHorses, by weight, consume two to three times the amount of water as they do food. It’s not hard, therefore, to understand how the ingestion of contaminated water might negatively affect the health of your horse. Generally, horses should consume enough clean water daily to replace what they lose through sweat, urine, and feces. To retain essential electrolyte and nutritional balance necessary in all horses, but especially in the performance horse, particular attention should be paid to the amount of water lost through sweat during exercise.

Not so different from humans, sweating is an important factor in how your horse maintains its core temperature. In high temperatures, horses tend to eat less and drink more, but if the environmental humidity is high (over 80 percent), sweating will not effectively cool the horse, putting him at risk for overheating. Horses can lose up to three gallons of sweat per hour during normal exercise, but that amount can increase significantly depending on the level of exercise and other environmental factors such as temperature and humidity.

But there are other factors that contribute to proper water consumption levels for your horse other than their ambient environment (temperature and humidity) such as the quality, type and amount of feed, overall health of the horse, and physical activity levels. For example, under normal activity and weather conditions, the daily base level for proper hydration of a horse weighing 1,100 pounds would be approximately one gallon of water per 100 pounds of body weight, or 11 gallons of water per day. If, however, that same horse was in training for or participating in a performance event, he could easily need to consume a whopping 33 gallons of water per day to remain sufficiently hydrated !

Most Common Water Sources For Horses

horse drinking from a streamLet’s face it, unlike us, bottled water is NOT a common source of water for our horses. And although water filtration systems are commercially available that can be added to a barn from complex systems connected to a farm’s main water supply to simple charcoal filters attached to a hose, they may not be a practical addition for some barns. And then there are the pastures, paddocks, and natural streams or other groundwater sources that fill the better part of our horse’s day. The fact is, although we think we are providing our horses with clean, fresh water, this just may not be the case!

What Are Water Contaminants?

It would be impossible to list all of the currently known water contaminants, let alone ponder all of the possible considerations that have yet to be identified. Contaminants have, however, been identified in many forms and through a wide variety of sources that appear both randomly through nature and as a consequence of human-introduction, whether intentionally or unintentionally.

For example, minerals (produced through nature) are present in all water, but high concentrations of some minerals can cause chronic or even toxic effects in animals. For example, water containing less than 400 mg/L of nitrite is generally safe, yet levels in excess of 1500 mg/L may be toxic. In horses, however, nitrite is 10 to 15 times more toxic making levels of nitrite that exceed 30 mg/L potentially hazardous to your horse’s health.

horse drinking dirty waterLikewise, cyanobacteria (blue-green algae), found most often in groundwater contaminated by fertilizer, contains toxins that can cause liver damage to horses and other livestock. Groundwater is also a common source for a variety of viral, bacterial, and protozoal contaminates that may cause serious health issues for your livestock and horses. And don’t let the clarity of most groundwater fool you. Although most groundwater will normally look clear and clean, it can be hiding both natural and human-induced chemicals. The process is a simple one. As groundwater flows through the ground it picks up naturally-appearing minerals from the soil such as iron and manganese, as well as human-induced contaminants such as pesticides, fertilizers, or remnants from leaking fuel tanks or toxic chemical spills to name a few. And bacteria may have also been introduced into the groundwater from such sources as leaking septic tanks or waste disposal sites.

Did you know that the taste of water is often determined by its mineral content, most notably chlorine, potassium and sodium, or that taste influences water consumption? So when minerals in your horse’s water supply get out of balance, the horse may instinctively respond by decreasing its water intake, which may in turn negatively affect many of its physiological functions.

Other examples of potential water contaminants include herbicides, pesticides, nutrients such as Chloride, which is chemically the same as the possibly toxic chemical chlorine, and even drugs, just to name a few. And the reactions may not be a direct correlation, but rather they may be complex and diverted. For example, water that is too high in nitrates can affect vitamin A and selenium absorption, which in turn can affect your horse’s effective use of vitamins D, E, or B complex. Nitrites can also cause displacement of oxygen on the hemoglobin molecule. This reaction reduces the transport of vital oxygen to the horse’s tissues, which eventually results in respiratory distress. And where do nitrites come from? In groundwater, the most common source of nitrite contamination is runoff of fertilizer and manure from agricultural land.

Even the amount of dissolved salts in water can be a contaminant in excessive quantities. Water with a salinity level up to 4,000 mg/L should be no problem for your horses. Drinking water with levels between 4,000 – 6,000 mg/L may produce some hesitation to drink by the horse, and even some diarrhea, but they should eventually adjust without any serious health issues. However, drinking water with salinity levels above 6,000 mg/L will most likely cause problems.

Management Tips For Healthy Horses and Clean Water

Water Test

horse water testingDrinking water for your horses and other livestock should be tested periodically for toxins, chloride, bacteria, and high levels of minerals.

A typical water analyses should include the following tests:

  • Total coliform bacteria
  • pH (acid or alkaline level)
  • Total dissolved solids
  • Total soluble salt
  • Salinity
  • Hardness
  • Nitrates
  • Sulfate
  • Other factors such as toxicity problems with specific minerals or pesticides, or occasionally, heavy algae growth

Commercial Filtration Systems

As mentioned earlier, there are numerous water filtration systems that are commercially available, but we all know that this solution may not be neither viable nor practical to many a horse owner. So what are some more practical steps you can take to help protect the integrity of your horse’s water quality?

Supplements and Treatments

Minerals can be fed individually or mineral supplements can be balanced to counteract imbalances in excessively mineralized drinking water. Homeopathic treatments, as well as herbal and nutritional supplements are available to aid in the detoxification process.

Pastures and Paddocks

Just remember that what’s good for the horse is good for the water. Maintaining an un-grazed vegetated border around streams will help protect the water from excessive heating, reduces trampling to help stabilize banks, and protects against manure polluting the water. The added vegetation will also serve as a filter strip for possible contaminants lurking in run-off.

Ways To Keep Your Water Clean

Erect fences to keep horses out of canals and ditches to protect the cleanliness of irrigation water that might drain into a nearby stream. Consider a hose pump or water trough to provide a safer source of drinking water for your horses.

Allow Grazing Between 8″ and 4″

horses eating grassGraze at 8, no more at 4….graze your horses in pastures when the grass is about 8” tall and remove them at 4” to allow the grass to re-grow. Over-grazed pastures contribute significantly to surface water run-off, soil erosion, and less forage. Instead of one large pasture, consider cross-fencing your pasture into smaller pastures so that you can rotate your horses, allowing each pasture some rest that allows not only the re-growth of grass, but also to allow any parasite larvae to die in the sun.

Harrow Your Pasture

Fifty pounds of manure! Yikes! That’s what an average 1000-pound horse produces PER DAY! That’s roughly 9 tons, or 6 pick-up loads per year. Harrow your pastures regularly to incorporate manure into the soil. This is important pasture management to help expose parasite larvae to sunlight and preventing bacteria and nutrients from seeping into groundwater. Without proper harrowing, horses tend to designate one area of the pasture as their “bathroom” and understandably under-graze it, while over-grazing others. Harrowing tends to promote more uniform grazing.

Provide Sufficient Drainage

To reduce mud and dust in your pastures, use sand, wood chips, or other acceptable fillers to provide sufficient drainage. Consider using gutters and downspouts on buildings to divert snowmelt and rainwater around your paddock while any run-off should be diverted toward vegetative filter strips if possible. A well-maintained paddock will have little to no contaminated run-off or groundwater.

Professional Assistance

horse stableRemember that water quality can be affected by conditions or events that occur far away from your farm, so be alert to your animals’ behavior. If you suspect that the water source for your horses or other livestock is causing health problems for the animals, seek veterinary assistance. Diagnostic testing may be necessary of the animals, as well as the water supply to properly evaluate the problem.

Summary

The BOTTOM LINE is that although the U.S. Environmental Protective Agency (EPA) provides recommendation regarding safe standards for livestock drinking water, there are no current regulations governing those recommendations. As of now, the quality of your horse’s drinking water is entirely in your hands.

Treating scratches with Banixx

dog diarrhea

What To Do If Your Dog Has Diarrhea But Acts Fine

Diarrhea is never fun, and it’s always a symptom of something that’s not quite right with the intestinal tract. Your pup may or may not be bothered by it – many times, a dog will have diarrhea but act fine, as if nothing is abnormal. But when your dog has a bout of diarrhea, your antenna should go up and you should watch him closely to see if it’s a one-off or something that continues for days.

Is Your Dog Suffering From Chronic or Acute Diarrhea?

dog with diarrhea but acting fine

Chronic diarrhea is a condition that occurs regularly. If your dog experiences frequent bouts of diarrhea – even though you’ve tried various remedies – he may have an underlying medical problem that will need a veterinarian’s expertise to diagnose.

Acute diarrhea happens “out of the blue.” It’s a fairly common occurrence, usually caused by something introduced into your dog’s intestinal tract. Just think about how often your pooch eats or tastes something he finds outside – it’s not unusual for him to ingest something that will cause a gastrointestinal upset. Most of the time, the symptoms will go away on their own and the stool will return to normal without you having to do anything. But sometimes it’s necessary to get a vet’s input.

Dog Diarrhea Symptoms

Well, you THINK you know what diarrhea is, but it’s not always as obvious as you imagine:

  • Explosive, frequent, loose, watery stools are the most common signs for your dog.
  • Straining can be a sign, too. It’s not constipation, though it may look like it as he continues to try to defecate after the initial flow of diarrhea. Diarrhea disrupts your dog’s gastrointestinal system, so he may feel like he needs to constantly go, even when there’s nothing left in the system to eliminate. And straining is the result.
  • Other symptoms that can accompany diarrhea include fever, loss of appetite, dehydration and lethargy.

Dog Diarrhea Causes

Here are some of the possible culprits:

  • Your dog eats something she shouldn’t and it upsets her small or large intestines.
  • Parasites can easily get into your dog’s intestinal tract
  • Food allergies can cause stomach aches and other problems for your dog, even developing into inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) or irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
  • A bad reaction to a particular food item – especially a new food that has been introduced suddenly into his diet
  • Accidental poisoning can occur when your dog gets into chemicals or foods that are poisonous to canines.
  • Bacterial or viral infections can invade your dog’s system and keep him from absorbing nutrients properly
  • A blockage can happen if your dog eats something that gets lodged in her intestinal tract and causes diarrhea
  • Chronic illness, such as issues with the kidneys or liver, stomach or intestinal ulcers, colitis or hormonal imbalance
  • Pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas)
  • Drug side effects from some canine medications
  • Stress. Just think about what happens to YOU when you have to speak in front of an audience! ‘Nuff said.

When To Start Worrying About Your Dog’s Diarrhea

cure for dog diarrheaIn most cases, a healthy dog that has diarrhea will have one “event” and then be done with it. If your dog seems fine afterward, simply keep a close watch to make sure the diarrhea goes away without any issues.

But if it goes on for longer, your dog may start showing other signs that things are not right. If your dog is small in size, old or a puppy, he is more at risk of becoming dehydrated after several bouts of diarrhea. If your dog acts fine but the diarrhea continues in recurrent bouts, see the vet about it. Take along a fecal sample so the vet doesn’t have to extract it; the sample is needed in order to determine if there is a bacterial or viral infection involved.

Even if he acts normally and doesn’t seem bothered by it, he may have an underlying condition that you should get checked out by your veterinarian.

And if your dog is passing blood in the stool, the stool is yellow or green, or if you notice weakness or lethargy along with the diarrhea, it’s time to go to the vet immediately.

What Can I Give My Dog For Diarrhea?

There are a few things you can do help your dog get back to normal. Make sure you consult with your vet before making major changes to your dog’s diet, and if your dog has a medical condition that’s causing the diarrhea, he/she may have some specific treatments to recommend.

  • Fast for 12-24 hours. If your dog got diarrhea from something she ate, this treatment gives your dog’s stomach a chance to rest and eliminate whatever bad stuff she ingested. Make sure you provide plenty of fresh water to prevent dehydration.
  • Bland diet. After that brief fasting period, feed your dog foods that don’t have any upsetting ingredients, such as commercially available bland dog foods, or your own concoction of boiled chicken, beef or turkey with white or brown rice. (Note that a change in diet can sometimes make the diarrhea come back, especially if a food allergy caused it in the first place). Offer the food slowly – divide the meal into four parts and feed your dog every 4-6 hours to avoid stomach upsets. If your dog’s stool improves, you can feed him two meals a day; keep that up until the stools are back to normal, then transition back to normal food.
  • Introduce probiotics and fiber. Talk to your vet about supplements that help generate healthy bacteria in your dog’s gut to promote good digestion. And there are good high-fiber supplements that can help regulate your dog’s system.

To conclude, diarrhea is a common problem but not one that you should ignore. If it doesn’t go away quickly by itself and persists more than a few days – even if your dog “acts fine’ – get to the vet. And don’t wait around to go to the doc if you start to notice other symptoms, such as loss of appetite, energy or other “sick” behavior. Your dog’s health and life could be at stake!

Banixx is the trusted solution for cuts and wounds on dogs

Dog Conjunctivitis

Conjunctivitis In Dogs: Can Dogs Get Pink Eye?

Pink eye, or “conjunctivitis,” as it is medically referred to, is an eye condition that affects the conjunctiva and can be quite painful. The condition is a result of the conjunctiva becoming inflamed. The conjunctiva is the thin and transparent tissue that lines the inside part of the eyelid and lies over the white part of the eye. A lot of people, especially dog owners, wonder if canines can get pink eye. The answer is YES; they can!

There are several reasons why a dog’s eye(s) can become infected, and some of them include allergies, parasites, a foreign body entering the eye, bacteria, or even a virus. Since there are so many ways your dog’s eye(s) can become infected, there are several options when it comes to treating pink eye in dogs.

Dog Pink Eye Signs

As mentioned earlier, conjunctivitis, in both canines and humans, is when the conjunctiva becomes inflamed or irritated. The most common indicator of the condition is redness in one or both eyes, which is why it is called pinkeye. However, a canine’s eye is different from that of a human, in that the conjunctiva in dogs is a bit hidden. As a result, the telltale sign, which is redness of the eye, can easily be missed despite spending hours staring into your pup’s eyes. Nevertheless, several symptoms will let you know that your dog is suffering from conjunctivitis.

Dog Conjunctivitis Symptoms

Apart from bloodshot eyes or redness, other symptoms to look out for include:

  • Watery eyes
  • Crustiness
  • Puffy eyelids
  • Unusual discharge from the eye (it can either be clear or might contain pus or mucous)
  • Squinting or excessive blinking
  • Swelling around the eye
  • Eyelids sticking together

If you see your pup consistently fussing with his eye(s), then consider taking him or her to the vet for a quick checkup. If you think that your dog has pinkeye but aren’t sure, make a point of taking him or her to a vet for a complete eye exam. That way, it will be easier to tell if he has conjunctivitis or any other eye disease. As a dog owner, there is one symptom that should always warrant a visit to the vet – and that is any behavior that is unusual of your dog, especially when it comes to his eyes. You know how your pup behaves when he is healthy and in good moods, so any strange behavior should not be ignored. It is a sign that something is not right with him.

What Causes Conjunctivitis in Dogs?

Conjunctivitis CausesConjunctivitis in dogs can be as a result of many things including:

  • Allergies
  • Injury to the eye
  • Parasites
  • A virus
  • Cancer
  • Bacteria like Streptococcus pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Haemophilus influenzae, or Staphylococcus aureus
  • KCS (Keratoconjunctivitis sicca), commonly referred to as canine dry eye. Just like our eyes, this problem impairs a pup’s natural ability to make tears, which are needed to keep the eyes lubricated.

Is Dog Pink Eye Contagious?

One of the most commonly asked questions concerning pink eye and dogs is if the condition is contagious and if a human can contract it from their canine friends and vice versa. After all, the condition is known for being extremely infectious. While there’s a lot of debate concerning these queries, like with most diseases, prevention is better than cure.

Dog conjunctivitis can either be non-contagious or contagious. The contagious kind is typically caused by a virus, parasite, or bacteria, while eye injury or allergies cause the non-contagious type. It is worth noting the infectious version of conjunctivitis is quite rare in dogs. Nevertheless, it is still highly contagious and can be spread through contact with an infected eye or discharge from an infected eye. Even less clear is if the disease is specific to certain dog species.

Can You Get Pink Eye From A Dog?

Can dogs contract pinkeye from humans? According to some veterinarians, humans can transmit pinkeye to dogs. As such, if you are currently suffering from conjunctivitis, make sure you keep your infected eye or its discharge away from your pet and wash your hands regularly! However, they aren’t that sure if humans can contract the condition from dogs, which means that they do not see “eye to eye” on this matter. When it comes to the transfer of pink eye from dog to dog, it is believed that the condition (especially if it caused by viruses, bacteria, and such) is highly contagious. Dogs, just like humans, spread the disease when they come into contact with eye secretions containing the pinkeye-causing virus or bacteria.

Routine Grooming and Care Can Help Keep Eye Infections at Bay

Proper grooming and care will lessen the possibility of your canine friend contracting conjunctivitis and other canine diseases. Proper care includes exercise, regular grooming, a good diet, and routine vaccinations. Also, neutering or spaying your pup will present him or her with plenty of benefits. As a pet owner, taking up routine care coverage provided by pet insurance will help keep the costs of regular checkups low. Another habit you should consider taking up is washing your pup’s face regularly to remove things that might lead to infections. Always make sure that you wash your hands after coming into contact with your pup’s food, water bowl, toys, and face.

Bacterial Versus Vital Pink Eye

Just like human conjunctivitis, bacterial pink eye in dogs can be hard to prevent, considering that bacteria are everywhere, and our eyes are bacteria magnets. Always make sure that the area around your pup’s eyes is clean. Also, make sure that you always remove any crusting around or discharge from his or her eyes. Most canines will have some crusting or discharge, so pay close attention to how your pup’s body works and be on the lookout for any unusual discharge.  You should also check to see if the color of your dog’s discharge has a different color from the normal discharge or if the discharge is more than usual.

Dog With Pink Eye

If your pup’s conjunctivitis is as a result of a bacterial infection, treatment will most likely include an antibiotic ointment or eye drops prescribed by his or her veterinarian. Administering your dog any type of medication, especially eye drops, can be quite challenging. To have an easier time administering eye drops to your dog, seek advice and tips from your vet. Also, remember to discuss treatment options since your vet can identify the best medication for your pup. Most antibiotic medicines can be administered in various forms, including pills, eye drops, and ointments.

Just like bacterial conjunctivitis, viral pink eye can be hard to prevent and could be the result of a respiratory infection or cold. The best protection against eye infections caused by viruses is ensuring that your pup stays healthy. Exercise and a proper diet will ensure that your pup’s natural immune, which is essential to their wellbeing, remains strong. However, if your pet is diagnosed with the condition, treatment will most likely involve the use of steroid eye drops and, in some cases, artificial tears to help keep his or her eyes clear of crusting or discharge. These medications will also go a long way in easing his or her discomfort as they kick in.

Dog Conjunctivitis Treatment

Your dog’s conjunctivitis is determined by how he or she developed the problem. If your vet prescribes eye drops, there are a couple of ways you can administer the medicine correctly and safely.

  1. Start by cleaning the area around your pup’s eyes.
  2. With a firm grip, hold your dog close to your body to restrict movement. You might need some help restraining him. Someone familiar, like a friend or family member, is ideal. Proper restraint shouldn’t harm your pup; in fact, it’ll help keep your dog from getting injured.
  3. Once you have restrained your dog, wrap an arm around the shoulder and use the other arm to lift his chin up so his eyes look upwards. With that hand, gently open the infected eye by pulling the lower eyelid downwards. This will create a pouch or “shelf” below his eyeball.
  4. Put the prescribed number of drops into the pouch while being careful not to touch the pup’s eye with the tip of the bottle.

Home Treatment For Dog ConjunctivitisOnce you are done administering the drops, let your pup go. His natural blinking and eye movement will spread the medication evenly over his eye(s.) Do not forget to wash your hands before and after you have administered the drug. Stay calm throughout the entire process. Canines are known to react to their owner’s moods. So, remember to approach the task with the right frame of mind, and your pup will automatically follow your lead.

Well, this might require a bit of practice as both you and your dog become used to the process. Remember to ask your vet for advice and always consider your dog’s size, age, overall demeanor, and health when administering medication. Do not let the challenges administering eye medication or drops present get in the way of you providing your dog the treatment he needs. Always make sure that you are administering the right dosage, so be attentive!

Allergy-Induced Conjunctivitis in Dogs

Some dogs will develop conjunctivitis due to an allergy. Ensure that you’re taking the right steps to keep your home free of pollen, dander, mold, dust, and any other thing that can trigger allergies. As a pet owner, identify things that trigger allergic reactions in your dog, such as smoke, plants, grass, foods, and perfumes. Also, do your best to keep your pup’s eyes free of dirt, dust, or any other thing that could irritate his eyes. If your dog’s pink eye is a result of an allergy, your vet will likely prescribe an anti-inflammatory or antihistamine drug plus artificial tears and steroid drops. A cold compress could also help relieve the irritation, especially if your dog’s pink eye caused by an allergy.

Eye Injuries

If your dog’s pink eye is the result of an injury, debris, or a foreign object affecting the eye, make sure you take him to a vet for examination to ensure that there’s no damage to his cornea. Cornea injuries are quite severe and can be cured with medication; however, if the case is quite severe, surgery might be required. It’s worth noting that pink eye medication could worsen corneal injuries and could lead to blindness. It is, therefore, essential that you consult your vet before administering any eye medication.

You should never diagnose and treat your pup unless you are qualified. It is also worth noting that human medication, and that includes eye drops, is not the same as medication for canines. Never treat your pup with medicine intended for humans without consulting your vet first. Using the wrong medication could cause significant damage, pain, and even blindness.

Chronic Conjunctivitis

Pink Eye Treatment For DogsAfter the problem has been diagnosed and a treatment plan has been laid out, make sure that you follow the instructions provided by your vet to the letter. Also, do your best to make sure your dog does not scratch, paw, or rub the affected eye. Since your dog will naturally want to do this, consider using a cone to keep him from injuring himself. Chronic conjunctivitis will, in some cases, require additional diagnosis by a vet, especially if there’s no apparent cause for the flare-up. In order to determine what is causing the problem, a bit of investigation will be required on your part – this may include recording day-to-day information and trying to find out what could have caused the infection. This information can help your vet identify the right treatment plan. Chronic conjunctivitis can lead to more severe problems as deeper layers of your dog’s eyes are affected. Recurring chronic pinkeye could also damage other parts of your dog’s eye(s), not to mention the discomfort your dog experiences every time a bout of pink eye sets in.

How Long Does Pink Eye Last For Dogs?

Regrettably, conjunctivitis in dogs is quite common. Furthermore, your pup might be suffering from conjunctivitis in one or both eyes; so, do not be fooled if the symptoms only appear in one eye. In most of the cases where the condition affects both of your dog’s eyes, the cause is often a viral infection. When the problem only affects one eye, the cause is most likely a dry eye, an infected tear duct, or an irritation. In most cases, once treatment commences, improvements will be seen within a matter of days; however, for some cases, it could take up to three weeks for your pup to recover fully. The good thing, though, is that your dog will experience some relief almost immediately after the medication has been administered.

Vulnerable Dog Breeds

It is worth noting that some dog breeds are more susceptible to contracting pink eye than others due to their physicality or hereditary factors. Cocker Spaniels and Poodles are congenitally predisposed to pink eye and should, therefore, be tested for the condition early, even before the symptoms start to appear. Other breeds such as Pekingese and Pugs are susceptible to contracting pink eye due to how their faces are structured. Their facial features leave their eyes vulnerable to irritants and foreign bodies in the air. Such breeds require closer and specialized attention just to keep them from contracting conjunctivitis and other eye diseases.

Fortunately, most breeds will completely recover as long as they are diagnosed and treated before the disease advances. In severe cases, affected dogs might be left with scars, permanent eye damage, and may even lose their eye(s.) Like with all pet diseases, early diagnosis and proper treatment are essential. As a pet owner, do not let an easily treatable condition go unchecked, or your pup will, soon, be saying “eye told you so.”

 

Banixx is the trusted solution for cuts and wounds on dogs

monistat for dogs

How To Use Monistat as a Dog Ear Yeast Infection Treatment

dog ear mites vs yeast infectionWhen a dog continues to scratch at its ears for extended periods, it is quite possibly because your pet has an ear infection. Different infections can occur inside the ears, causing discomfort for dogs. Some of these infections are caused by ear mites, while others are caused by bacteria or fungus. Dogs with large, floppy ears have a diminished airflow as compared with their short-eared counterparts that can lead to excess moisture in their ears. If there is a lot of moisture present, fungus may begin growing and, this may lead to an ear yeast infection.

If your dog does have a yeast infection in its ears, you could take your pet to the veterinarian to get a prescription cream.  Alternatively, or you could use Banixx, which is readily available at most local feed stores.  If you cannot find Banixx locally, it is readily available via online retailers such as Chewy, Amazon, Jeffers Pet or Valley Vet. While we feel these types of treatments are the best solution, there are a lot of people online that wonder if you can also use Monistat for treating the yeast infection in your dog’s ears. Monistat is a product that is commonly used by women with yeast infections, but is it a product that you can safely use on your dog?

What You Need to Know About Dog Ear Yeast Infections

Dogs can get yeast infections in their ears as well as other parts of their bodies, including their paws and toes. Yeast can develop here because these spots on a dog’s body provide the perfect amount of warmth and moisture. Some yeast infections in dogs are more evident than others. Your dog’s skin could start to look slightly pinkish. Your dog might even have an odor that resembles the smell of a tortilla chip. If the yeast is present inside the ears, you will usually notice your dog scratching at the ears and rubbing the ears against objects inside your home to obtain relief. Although it is uncomfortable for your dog, a yeast infection is generally pretty easy to treat in the early stages.

Using Monistat as a Dog Ear Yeast Infection Treatment

dog ear yeast infection treatment monistatMonistat is an over the counter (OTC) product that you can easily find at most drugstores. The product is known for being a yeast infection cream that you can purchase without a prescription. It effectively eliminates yeast infections because of its active ingredient, miconazole. Women can buy this product when they have a yeast infection to clear it up in several days. Although it is commonly used by women, the active ingredient in Monistat is also safe for dogs. When used correctly, you can often clear the yeast infection from your dog’s ears by using this topical cream.

Before using Monistat, contact your veterinarian to ask questions about using this product to treat the yeast infection. If you decide that you are unable to visit the veterinarian for treatment, you can follow these simple directions to treat your dog with the Monistat cream safely. Make sure you are mixing the cream with hydrocortisone cream. You should use the same amount of both creams. The reason you want to add hydrocortisone cream to the Monistat cream is that it will help relieve your dog’s excessive itchiness.

miconazole for dogs earsAfter combining the two creams, you will notice it has a thick consistency. Add several drops of water to the blend of these two creams to make it slightly thinner, add it to a dropper, and then carefully squirt the mixture into your dog’s ears. Use this home remedy treatment for a week to get rid of the yeast infection for good. If the problem does not subside despite the constant use of both the Monistat and hydrocortisone cream, you will need to bring your dog to the veterinarian’s office.

Make sure you are using Monistat when selecting an over-the-counter cream to treat your dog’s yeast infection. Do not mistake this product for another product on the market, such as Vagisil. While Vagisil can relieve itching, it is not formulated to eliminate fungus (yeast is a fungus), so it’s not useful for your dog’s yeast infection.

Is There Anything Better Than Monistat For a Dog Ear Yeast Infection?

Banixx Anti-Fungal Anti-Bacterial SprayIf you are trying to avoid a visit to your veterinarian, there is an over-the-counter treatment that we highly recommend.  It may be time for you to give Banixx Pet Care a try. Banixx is available from most local pet stores or on-line and can be used to treat much more than ear infections. Banixx is an effective treatment for dog ear infections, hotspots, ringworm, yeast infections, wounds, itchy skin, and more because it’s not only anti-fungal (think..Yeast) but also anti-bacterial. 

Banixx is a topical solution that works by controlling the pH level of the infection; its presence creates an environment that is totally hostile to the growth of bacteria or fungus. Unlike other medicinal products available, Banixx has absolutely no smell.  Your dog will significantly appreciate this factor, considering their nose is 1,000 times more sensitive than our own.

Banixx also doesn’t burn or sting your dog when you apply it, so they don’t fear the application. This is so important when one considers that a dog will do anything they can to avoid a medicine that stings and burns when you put it on him.

Find a store near you that carries Banixx by visiting our Where To Buy Banixx page.

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