How to treat White Line Disease in Horses
White line disease (also called Seedy Toe) in horses is caused by fungi, bacteria, or a combination of both that break down and destroy tissue connection within the hoof. These infectious organisms often take advantage of situations where there is poor hoof confirmation-- this provides an open door for white line (hoof wall separation) For example, as in our photograph, this horse has clubby, upright hoof so the laminae (internal hoof layers) inside the hoof were constantly stretched to the max thus creating interior hoof weakness. It appears that infection enters either via an old nail hole, a hoof crack or any other weak point. Once inside the hoof, the infection erodes away the connected layers of tissue (laminae) and creates a void/space within the hoof. To read more, see below reference to White Line Disease Horse in the American Farrier Journal.
However, even with stubborn, long-term white line disease in a horse, Banixx proved successful due to its unique pH solution that is totally inhospitable to bacteria and fungus alike.
White line disease is also called "Seedy Toe". Holistic Horse published an informative overview with illustrations here: Seedy-Toe or White Line Disease?
White Line Disease Treatment Protocols
- Resection (cutting away the diseased hoof/tissue) has, to-date, produced the best results to treat horse white line disease, since the invader has been identified as an anaerobic organism (survives without oxygen). After resection, there is often a reduced area of hoof wall (to support your horse); hence, supportive shoeing may be required. This is where an x-ray is of benefit in order to determine what mechanics will be needed for hoof support.
- The application of Banixx, via a medicine boot, was the key for this horse in controlling the infection and preventing white line disease to ever affect this hoof again. At this resection (for 4-5 days) and at each subsequent trim (2-3 days) Banixx was applied with a medicine boot. The hoof remains healthy today, seven years later. For more detail on this white line disease treatment protocol, please read below "Fighting White Line Disease-One Horse's Story".
Some recommend mere resection without the application of any treatment. This approach may well be viable if one is 100% sure that ALL affected tissue has been removed. However, if the tiniest remnant of infection is left in the foot, after resection, then this infection will rapidly multiply and the entire process of resection will have to be repeated again.